Pan, Tilt, Zoom
A pan shot is made when you rotate camera to the left or right, at the same time, the camera mount remains still.
A pan shot is especially good at:
A tilt shot is made when you rotate camera up or down, at the same time, the camera mount remains still.
A tilt shot has similar function as pan, but is used less often.
Magnify or reduce subject by changing lens focal length. In perspective terms, it has no difference from zooming in or out a picture in Adobe PhotoShop.
In general, you canít use zoom to simulate subjective view. But itís perfectly OK to use it in these situations:
You are not telling a story. For instance, in a corporate video, you can certainly zoom in to a product to introduce it in more details.
Simulate a psychological process. In a love story, a shot zooming in to a girlís face reflects her partnerís mental desire, but not necessarily means he actually moves towards her.
Note: Of course you can combine tracking, zoom, pan, tilt, and get a complex shot if you can handle it.
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